Defence expenditures of NATO countries

The following data is drawn from the NATO Public Diplomacy Division analysis of “Defence Expenditure of NATO Countries (2010-2017), published 15 March 2018 — COMMUNIQUE PR/CP(2018) 16.

DEFENCE EXPENDITURE OF NATO COUNTRIES

NATO Europe and Canada

Cumulative spending in the last three years (2015-17) is up by 4.87% (US$46.0 billion)

Defence expenditures as share of GDP declined from almost 3.0% in 1989 to 1.59% in 2010 to 1.45% in 2017

US share of total NATO expenditure 71% in 2010, 67% in 2017

Canada 

Defence expenditure US$21,275 in 2017

Annual real change increase of 14.82% in 2017 over 2016

Defence spending as share of GDP 1.29% in 2017 (1.0% in 2014)

  • UK 2.12
  • France 1.70
  • Germany 1.24
  • Netherlands 1.15
  • Italy 1.12

Defence expenditure per capita US$664 in 2017

  • UK $896
  • France $760
  • Netherlands $620
  • Germany $576
  • Italy $391

Equipment expenditure as share of defence expenditure 19.42% in 2017 (13% in 2014)

  • France 24.17
  • UK 22.03
  • Italy 20.94
  • Netherlands 16.80
  • Germany 13.75

Military personnel (thousands) 73

  • France 209
  • Germany 180
  • Italy 181
  • UK 161
  • Netherlands 41
Paul H. Chapin

Paul Chapin is Executive Editor of The Vimy Report. During a 30-year career in the Canadian foreign service, he served in Tel Aviv, Moscow, at NATO, and in Washington where he was head of the political section. He can be reached at pchapin@rogers.com.

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